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Abstract

Environmental awareness exists since the inception of this planet, that has always been given significance as seen in the worship and fear of the nature. There is a mention of components of cosmic universe (panch mahabhoots) that is air, water, fire, earth and space in the ancient texts, such as Atharveda, Yajurveda, Ramayana, Buddhist scriptures and Srimad Bhagavad-Gita. These cosmic constituents create and nurtures life, so is worshipped, feared and taken care of, so that there is no harm to the human health. The aim was to preserve the nature for the well being and mental health of the mankind. The paper brings to the limelight the care and reverence to the environment since ancient times, its massive exploitation since the industrial revolution and the need of green governance, due to ill effects of environmental damage like rise in blood cancer, heart and lung diseases, respiratory problems, complications of child birth and mental illness.

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