Review of scope of Biochemistry and in food products
The world population is predicted to reach 9.5 billion by 2050. This will demand powerful techniques in agricultural production. Transgenic technology can be used in both crops and animals through improved crop production, milk production and composition, improved meat production, increased disease resistance and prolificacy. To create a stable transgenic organism, foreign gene is transferred using specific methods suitable for a particular species, that include DNA microinjection, sperm-mediated DNA transfer and somatic cell nuclear transfer for transgenic animals production and Agrobacterium-mediated, microprojectile bombardment, direct DNA transfer to protoplasts for plant transformation. However, the safety of transgenic food and derivatives in the markets has to be verified for the presence and the amount of genetic modification varieties. This review addresses up to date progress from the genetically modified food industry.