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Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami was an Indian writer known for his set in the fictional South Indian town of Malgudi. He was a leading author of early Indian literature in English. In his long career he published fourteen novels, over two hundred short stories, a memoir, two travel books, innumerable essays and two plays. His first novel was Swami and Friends. In his writing in his long career – themes like exile and return, woman and her status in the society, myths and the ancient Indian past, tradition and modernity, Malgudi and its culture, appearance and reality, the family and so on. His famous books are The Bachelor Of Arts,Malgudi Schooldays, An Astrologer’s Day, The Grandmother’s Tale, The English Teacher, The Vendor of Sweets etc. Narayanan’s mentor and friend Graham Greene was instrumental in getting publishers for Narayan’s first four books. Narayan’s short stories have been compared with those of Guy de Maupassant because of his ability to compress a narrative. His third novel, The Dark Room was about domestic disharmony, showcasing the man as the oppressor and the woman as the victim within a marriage, and was published by yet another publisher; this book also received good reviews. He received many awards and honours including the AC Benson Medal from the Royal Society of Literature, the Padama Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan, India’s second and third highest civilian awards. He was also nominated to the upper house of India’s parliament.

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