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Abstract

Electric vehicles are those which use one or more electric motors instead of any other fuel for vehicle propulsion. These vehicles are further sub divided into two heads.  One, is Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), they generate all their electricity on board the vehicle.  These include all the varieties of hybrids that use electric motors for traction, including series hybrids, parallel hybrids, through the road hybrids and mild hybrids. Stop start vehicles are not included in HEV category.  Another is Plug in hybrid electric vehicle, these vehicles use energy stored from grid but also have an ICE to extend the range of vehicles.  Third category is Battery electric vehicles, these include vehicles which use energy stored in it.

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