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The demand for greater autonomy to the states gathered further momentum. In 1983 the Council of Chief Ministers of the Southern states was set-up to “promote the cause of co-operative federalism between the states and the Centre”, calling for equitable3 distribution of resources between the Centre and the states. On 24 March, 1983, in response to vociferous demand by several opposition leaders, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi appointed a commission under the chairmanship of R. S. Sarkaria, a retired judge of the Supreme Court, to study the Centre-State relations.

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