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The traditional workplace with a nine-to-five schedule is fast becoming a thing of the past. This can be attributed to several reasons: Technological advances (e.g., PDAs/smart phones, VPN access, virtual desktops, etc.). Increase in global competition/economy. Dual-income households, increased number of employees with caring responsibilities (e.g., child care, elder care).Varying needs of the different generations in the workplace (e.g., employees under 35 years of age tend to value greater workplace flexibility). Single - parent families. Sustainability (e.g., an organization’s ability to balance financial performance with contributions to the quality of life of its employees, the local community and society at large).

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