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The present research paper highlights Caste system is a prime feature of the social structure in India. In India caste identity and solidarities are the primary channels through which electoral and political support is mobilized within the political system. It is an inscriptive system of status and hierarchy. The present political System encourages the use of caste as a means of mustering support as well as a means to enable the illiterate and politically ignorant masses of India to participate in the modern democratic process where the caste structure provides one of the most important organizational clusters in which the population is bound to live, politics must strive to organize through such a structure. It is omnipresent and extensive and controls and defines all social, economic and political relationships for the individual. Recently, it has been argued that political competition may have similar effects on economic performance as market competition. This study empirically inspects the role of caste in Indian politics.