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Abstract

The noise impact on people’s quality of life goes beyond annoyance, and may affect somatic and psychic aspects of health. Environmental economics is the theoretical framework supporting instruments designed to evaluate the impact of noise on peoples’ quality of life. The modern civilization creates more and more noise, because of the development of Industries, machinery and Technology. It has been reported that noise can become a health hazard causing deafness which includes temporary or permanent hearing loss. Noise is an increasingly omnipresent, yet underestimated, form of pollution. Long periods of exposure to relatively low levels of noise can have adverse effects on human health, such as raised blood pressure, hypertension, disrupted sleep and cognitive development in children, diminished working memory span, and psychiatric disorders. Noise is one of the major local disturbances associated with road traffic. Despite its major importance in the urban environment, the problem of noise has received little attention from environmental economists.

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