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Food being the basic need of human being, developing the capacity to support the expenditure on food becomes the prime reason behind the economic activities of mankind. It would be interesting to observe whether this prime reason remains the priority of man or no. So the present study is conducted. Since food is the basic need, ensuring food security to people becomes the prime responsibility of Government. In India, to ensure food security Government has introduced Public Distribution System which forms the initial part of the study. Since the study focuses on PDS beneficiaries, the analysis of poverty is given in the next part of the study. Then study investigates into the impact of household income fluctuations on food consumption pattern through published data as well as the primary data. Finally comparative analysis is given between the secondary data and the primary data which forms the conclusion of the present study.

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