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In developing countries, international development projects (ID projects) are undertaken with
the principal goal of poverty alleviation, improving people's living conditions and economic
development in general. Most of these projects do not meet the requirements for cost, time and
scope and are unlikely to produce the intended outcome. The failure of these projects may be
caused by a wide number of factors. This research aims to investigate the potential causes that
may influence the failure of ID projects in Afghanistan. A survey using a structured
questionnaire was conducted on three groups of respondents (senior managers, team members,
and the general public) to collect their views on factors that cause ID project failure. Relative
importance index RII was used as the basis to assess the relative importance and to rank each
factor. Spearman rank-order correlation coefficient and Kendall’s coefficient of concordance
were employed to measure the degree of agreement among the three categories of participants
on their perception. The top five most important ranked factors are identified as; (1) Corruption,
(2) Political Interference, (3) Security, (4) Poor Monitoring, and (5) Inappropriate selection of
Project Managers. The findings can help donors, ID project planners, project management
practitioners and implementing partners to avoid and or reduce the ID project failure in

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