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Abstract

For the last five decades, the development in optical fiber technology has revolutionised the way of communication. These days, large amount of data can be transferred over large distances with very little loss at much higher speed with the help of optical fibers. Traditionally, optical fibers were made from silicon but nowadays, optical fibers made up of fluoroaluminate, fluorozirconate and chalcogenide glasses. These fiber materials are observed to exhibit higher order nonlinear effects when they interact with light of higher intensity. These light-matter interaction often results in realization of nonlinear effects in the fiber [1]. These effects can have beneficial or detrimental effects on the pulse propagation through fiber. Generally, the propagation of pulse in optical fiber is governed by nonlinear Schrodinger equation (NLSE). [2]. But, with the introduction of femto-second pulses in the optical fiber communication, the higher order dispersive as well as non-linear effects are observed.

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