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Abstract

The issue of identity and power politics is paramount in indigenous community and language. The indigenous are native, aboriginal ‘ethnic group’ who originally own the land. They have been marginalized and their power, identity, self, resources have been forcefully taken by the centralized groups. The text Half-breed (autobiography) by Maria Campbell is a collective story of her life.  The way the story is narrated is in keeping with the oral form of the traditional indigenous storytelling technique. The novel addresses the indigenous communities, issues of their identity and power politics. It becomes a challenging work as the author is a female and indigenous writer. The text speaks about the Metis, identity by being neither indigenous nor Anglo. The author focuses on Metis identity and common Metis issues. Half-breed text serves as base to highlight the issues that the author as an individual, Metis struggle to regain power, rights and identity. The novel describes the life and struggle of indigenous group. The natives in Half-breed have always been politically intended. The Metis were disunited as they did not have proper leadership. The novel deeply ensconce struggle for identity, equality and power that the first nations face on a daily basis. Through this work she is able to utilize her own experience to represent the challenges which people face without power. The people of first nations of Canada have been affected by power struggles with colonial forces, Campbell demonstrates, the effects of the power struggle on the native people. She also brings to light the way in which the loss of power and land has affected the indigenous community and language. Campbell is able to inter-mingle private with politic by using a narration in which she combines her own tribal storytelling tradition with a writers critical eye which allows her to evaluate values and events that takes place.

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