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The novel ‘Mother of 1084’ is a story that Mahasweta Devi wrote during the 1960’s and 1970’s after the most critical period of the Naxalite movement in West Bengal. She expanded the conventional borders of Bengali literary expression with her innovative use of language.The story starts from ‘Kantapukur’ in the state of West Bengal. A body tagged 1084 has to be identified in the morgue. The four bodies at the morgue were that of the Naxalites who had been killed during a police encounter.The oppression of the lower class in the society forced the people, especially the youth to join the Naxalite movement. The novel ‘Mother of 1084’ is about how the indigenous communities in the state of West Bengal were exploited by the upper class people as well as the government. It droves them to join the Naxalite movement in order to fight against the unjust rules of the government. Through the novel Mahasweta Devi shows how Brati the protagonist of the story helps and supports his friends who are from the marginalized section of the society. This paper aims at showing how the so called marginalized people want to have an identity of their own in the society despite the political problems face. This paper also gives a deeper insight to various other problems or barriers faced by the marginalized people in West Bengal and various other states.